In this article, you will learn the benefits of feeding your aquarium fish earthworms, where you can find earthworms, types of worms and uses, whether they contain potential diseases for your fish, how to breed earthworms, and some cool earthworm facts. This Earthworm Guide For Your Aquarium has everything you need to know about feeding them to your fish.
Benefits Of Feeding Live Food To Your Aquarium Fish
Fish are omnivores so they will eat almost anything you put in front of them. Yes, you can feed them fish flakes but fish flakes do not have all the protein substance fish need to grow and survive off of. We all want our pets to live full and happy life so why shouldn’t pet fish be any different? Earthworms will provide the protein-enriched substance your fish needs.
Other Protein Rich Live Foods Like Earthworms
There are quite a few different live treats you can buy your fish but we will list a couple of our favorites you should definitely try.
- Brine Shrimp – Small protein-rich shrimp that are perfect for small fish and medium-sized fish. The brine shrimp are easy to raise and can easily be given to your fish with a turkey baster.
- Red Midge Fly Larvae – The Red Larvae are a premature stage of the adult midge fly. During their cycle of the Midge Fly, you can give them to your fish for a good protein-rich snack.
- Daphnia – Daphnia is one of many fish-keepers food sources to give to their fish. Just like the brine shrimp, daphnia is small and easy to cultivate.
- Wingless Fruit Flies – Wingless Fruit Flies are a perfect snack for your fish. They are another one of many fish-keepers favorite protein-rich food sources to give to their fish.
Where Can You Find Earthworms
Earthworms can be found in temperate soil and many tropical soils as well. Earthworms can be found at all depths in the soil. If you want to find earthworms to get started on a worm farm or breeder bins then you can start in your own backyard as shown in the video.
When you are looking for earthworms in your backyard be sure to look at a reasonable temperature time of the year. As you are looking for a place to find worms look for areas that are already good spots with moss or leaves. Turn the moss or leaves over and add a mix of water and a bit of dish soap. Wait about 5 minutes and be fast about picking the worms up or they will escape.
What Do Earthworms Eat
It’s important to know what our fish’s food sources eat before we give them their food so of course, we are going to cover this topic.
Earthworms can eat both organic matter and microorganisms. Earthworms love to feed on dead grass and leaves above the ground soil. Earthworms also feed on vegetables, and berries however they also feed on bacteria such as algae, or fungi.
What Are The Best Types Of Earthworms For Your Aquarium
Red Wiggler Worms
Red Wiggler earthworms are a perfect food source for your aquarium fish but mainly for large fish. They can be used to feed smaller fish they will just need to be cut small enough to be consumed. If they are cut into smaller pieces it’s hard for the fish to pinpoint exactly where all the remnant pieces of your worm may lie so if you have some cherry shrimp in with your fish they will help clear that issue.
Blackworms are not the perfect aquarium fish food but they are a type that is discussed in the aquarium hobby nonetheless so we will talk about them.
Blackworms have a good amount of protein for your aquarium fish but they are a pretty small worm. The Blackworms are used quite a lot in the aquarium hobby due to their easy raise nature. You do not have to worry much about them breeding. To help them breed you have to move the ground where they are and cut some of them up with the substrate. The blackworms will simply grow their other part of their body to a whole new worm entirely as crazy as that sounds.
Do Earthworms Contain Diseases
It is actually not common for worms to get diseases or parasites. Due to the environment that they create the soil is very oxygenated which helps with limiting a vast amount of diseases.
However, we recommend you clean your worms off well and avoid putting too much of the worm’s soil in with your fish since their soil could cause ammonia spikes.
When you are breeding earthworms you have A LOT of wiggle room with containers and you will hear many different ways of going around of which bins are perfect for breeding worms. But, I have found that easier is better.
Worms make a variety of byproducts so since we are mainly interested in worms for fish food we will try to make the byproducts easier to get around.
Worm byproducts are fertilized soil from their droppings and the drainage water that they use. Let’s dive more in-depth into the container.
Worm Container Bin
You can use 3 bins for your setup but it doesn’t really matter the type of bin that you decide to choose. There are many holes you have to make in the first 2 bins. The main reason for this is simply oxygenation. Worms need to breathe! Adding these holes is crucial.
Add the worms in the middle of the 3 bins with plenty of potting of peat moss, a damp towel, and plenty of organic material such as banana peels, potato shavings, leaves, or grass clippings.
The holes on the bottom of the top bucket are important because as the worms run out of food they will move to the top bin in search of food and that is where you will have more soil, damp towel, and more organic material for them to consume. Throughout this process, your worms will grow and reproduce.
When the worms have moved to the top bin you are left with fertilized soil and some worm fertilizer. This is useful for your garden if you have one or you can sprinkle them in your flower bed, or grass.
Keep switching out the top and middle layer as needed and emptying out the bottom with the fitted drain.
What Are Earthworms Used For
Earthworms have many uses. They can be used for catching fish in freshwater ponds to big fish in saltwater. Worms are used to make compost for gardens and of course food for our fish. Earthworms are of course used by our Mother Earth to help maintain our ecosystems by breaking up a dead decaying matter that was once living.
- Earthworms have amazing regenerative abilities. They can regrow almost their entire bodies which is just crazy.
- Earthworms are both male and female. It still is required to have two worms to produce eggs.
- Earthworms can be found in every part of the world. They are found in inland settings as well as aquatic settings.
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