Complete Guide To Hornwort Care

In Aquascapes, Freshwater Aquarium Plants, Freshwater Aquariums by

In this complete guide, you will learn hornwort care. You will also learn where you can use hornwort, how hornwort propagates, what is hornwort, and whether or not the hornwort plant needs to be planted, or if it’s a floater.

What Is Hornwort

Hornworts are a non-vascular plant in a group called bryophytes. The hornwort resembles that of a long horn-like structure.

Hornwort is a plant that is very similar to that of java moss and java fern.

Hornworts can be found in most places in the world but they prefer warm, damp climates. The hornwort plants are usually growing in large numbers in the soil of fields, gardens, lakes, and streams. They can also be found growing on tree bark.

Hornwort Propagation

Hornwort is a very easy-to-grow kind of plant. Hornwort propagates very easily by just trimming the plant you can replace the trimmings into your substrate or let them float as well. Hornwort is a very hardy plant so you will not have a problem with propagating.

Hornwort Care

Hornwort requires ALOT of care. Hornwort is a very quick growing plant, that will grow in just about any kind of condition. That’s why this plant will require more time to manage vs other plants.

Can Hornwort Grow In Low Light

Yes, hornwort will grow in low lighting. The Hornwort has been known to grow in brackish water with high and low PH levels as well. Hornwort is hard to kill which is why it’s a bit invasive.

Can Hornwort Grow In The Shade

Yes, Hornwort can grow in the shade. Hornwort isn’t very demanding at all. It’s what makes it invasive. You can find Horwort in every type of climate of course other than the artic. But, just because they aren’t found in the artic doesn’t mean that they absolutely hate the cold.

Their ideal preferences are a good amount of sunlight with temperate water conditions, having a tropical temperature is very ideal for them.

Can Hornwort Grow In Gravel

Yes, Hornwort can grow in gravel, sand, and even rocks. Hornwort can attach to drift words, rocks, and roots. They are a very hardy plant with a hard-to-beat will to survive.

This is why the Hornwort has been a pain in conservationists butts in the wild. They are regarded in the nature community as a weed or nuisance and in the aquarium hobby, more than the aquascaping hobby, as a very cool plant.

What Is Hornwort Used For

Hornwort has many uses with your aquarium fish. Hornwort provides protection for your fish, helps with aeration providing oxygen for your fish, and they are a good food source for fish as well.

Hornwort is good for competing with algae as well so having enough hornwort will remove the need to clean the sides of your tank which is a HUGE help with maintenance. The problem you will have with having a bunch of Hornworts is that they will have their bristles fall off when they are touched, or moved around too much.

If you have some shrimp tank mates in your tank then Hornwort can provide protection for the shrimp and also provide them an area to graze on as well.

Can Hornwort Be Emersed

Yes, Hornwort is generally found emersed in water in lakes, streams, and ponds. The Hornwort grows best underwater. I haven’t heard about Hornwort being used in terrariums at all and just aquascapes, and aquariums.

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Where Can You Grow Hornwort

Hornwort Aquascape

When using plants in Aquascapes you want to add plants that are easy to control yet grows at a reasonable rate. Both of those reasons make the hornwort not the best choice however, you can use Hornwort in Aquascapes. Hornwort does add a beautiful green look to the aquascape and can be used to help bring out the red color in other plants as well.

Hornwort Aquarium

Having Hornwort in your aquarium is very similar to choices you would have with an aquascape as to what plants you would like to add. You can just add Hornwort and only have hornwort in your tank if you would like or you can add different variations of plants as well.

I would still clean off the sides of the tank to help eliminate algae build-up and growth but having a very good amount of Hornwort in your aquarium will make the algae have a tough time growing in your tank.

Hornwort Pond

Hornwort does well at the bottom of most ponds and doesn’t usually outgrow your pond. The fish will help maintain the plants for the most part especially if you have koi fish.

Hornwort will help reduce algae growth and provide oxygen for your pond fish. The Hornwort will also remove nitrates and unwanted chemicals as well.

Hornwort Terrarium

I haven’t seen any good terrarium hornwort and that is because there aren’t any. Hornwort doesn’t establish roots and needs plenty of water to survive so having a dry terrarium and no water flow isn’t going to help.

When you think about Hornwort do not think terrarium. Think aquascapes and aquariums.

Hornwort Care Life Cycle

The Hornwort starts its life cycle as a spore where it divides to grow many cells to make a rhizoid, protonema, and becomes multicellular.

The Hornwort will next grow into an independent adult. The plant will become quite thin with a ribbon-like body that will appear green and sometimes blueish green. When the Hornwort is green it is a result of its chlorophyll and when the plant is blueish green then the plant is having a colony of cyanobacteria growing inside of it.

Next Hornwort will be able to start developing its sex organs of both male and female. They will be exposed later on in the plant’s life with the disintegration of overlaying cells.

Is Hornwort Easy To Grow

Yes, Hornwort is a very easy-to-grow plant. The Hornwort is not picky when it comes to growth in fact the Hornwort plant accepts any type of environment as long as it’s not in the artic.

Hornwort is a beginner-friendly plant as well as a plant that long-time aquarium owners use as well. Hornwort isn’t always the best-looking plant and can sometimes be a bit of a pest with more than regular maintenance but they are a very fun and easy to grow the plant.

Hornwort Growth Rate

Hornwort is a very fast-growing plant that can become ungodly tall if you let it. It’s not uncommon to see hornwort take over a pond.

In the video above you can watch how fast the Hornwort grows just in a matter of day 1 to day 7.

Hornwort Benefits

Hornwort has many great benefits such as removing nitrates, lowering the number of algae in your aquarium, and aquascape. Hornwort can also provide good oxygenation in your tank, provide shading for slow-growing plants, provide an area for fry to hide, and shrimp to hide as well.

Hornwort can provide a good centerpiece in your aquarium as well. They are easy to add to any aquarium and are cheap to purchase.

Hornwort is a beautiful background plant to add to your aquarium. The Hornwort is a favorite among fish breeders since many fish will scatter and the long Hornwort will catch the eggs.

Hornwort CO2

The good thing about hornwort is you do not need to add any CO2 so that reduces the need to buy fertilizers. The fertilizer would only benefit the algae growth more.

Is Hornwort Invasive

Yes, Hornwort is very invasive! Its characterized as invasive in America, New Zealand, Europe, London, and Australia.

Hornwort is considered an annoying water weed. Dams and Electro power dams are not a fan of Hornwort and can be blocked by the Hornwort. Hornwort is a nuisance in most countries and it’s easy to see why. Hornwort can out-compete local flora and kill off plants, and fish when they are introduced into environments.

Other Hornwort Questions

If there is more that you would like to learn about hornwort or plants but we haven’t talked about them in our article? Be sure to type it into our search bar so we know to create the content you wanna see.

What Eats Hornwort

There are fish and turtles that enjoy eating Hornwort and since the plant grows so fast you do not have to worry about overgrazing.

Some fish that eat this plant are gouramis, koi fish, and scavenger fish like catfish and loaches.

Shrimp will eat the Hornwort plant waste, and snails will as well. In the wild turtles will graze on the Hornwort to help reduce the growth in the ponds.

What Kills Hornwort

You can kill Hornwort by adding herbivores or omnivores to your aquarium, pond, or river. You can also use raking, fertilizers, or back draw the lake entirely.

Hornwort can be a real pest but there are many different companies that offer services to help remove Hornwort if it’s out of control.

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